Ancient Rome – Relics

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View across the ancient Roman Forum towards the Palatine, from Via Monte Tarpeo, behind Mussolini’s wedding cake museum (Musei Capitolini). Colonnades back left Temple of (Emperor) Antonino and (his wife) Faustina (Google map of this area) – circa 141 CE. Was later converted to a church._61a2557

Temple of Saturn on the left. Originally traditionally dated to 5th century BCE but current ruins are a third reconstruction, probably around 283 CE.

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Background – Church of Saints Luca and Martina, Arch of Settimio Severo (203CE) in front of it. Saint Martina was martyred in 226 or 8 CE by Emperor Severus. If you want gory details – here. Church commissioned in 625, most of what is there now is since the 16th century. Columns hard left probably temple of Vespasian and Titus (79-87 AD).

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Base of Trajan’s Column, 113 CE. Commemmorates Trajan’s victory in Dacian wars and reliefs illustrate these. It’s about 30 m high and made of marble from Cararra (on the coast north of Pisa, not far from Prato. Interesting dragony-liony beast left of centre. I wonder what it is.

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Details of Trajan’s Column.

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Trajan’s Column.

Church of the Most Holy Name of Mary behind (late 17th, early 18th century).

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I don’t know why, but there were strange sculptures of horses all over the ancient precinct. Here are some, near the Museum of the Imperial Forums.

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More horses, these near the Mercarti di Traiano (Markets of Trajan). The Romans have left a legacy of equestrian statues, more commemorating men than horses though. Perhaps these seek to redress the balance.661a2018

Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi back left… Don’t know what these columns belonged to though. Near Trajan’s Forum. Perhaps Forum of Augustus.

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Same area. Also Forum of Augustus I think.

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Trajan’s market area.

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Forum of Augustus. Circa 20 BCE. There was a Temple of Mars somewhere in this vicinity, of which this could be part.

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Region of Forum of Augustus also.

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And again.

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Via Sacra and Arch of Titus, 82 CE.661a2494

Arch of Titus, apparently the model for many arches of the last 400 years, including the Arc de Triomphe. It commemorates Titus’ victory over Jerusalem in 70 CE. 661a2497

The Capitoline Museum rearing up behind the Roman Forum, from the Palatine.

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Again. Temple of Antonino and Faustina again right of centre. Looking back towards where the first photos were taken (left of the Museum).

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Arch of Constantine, with the Colosseum back right. Intriguing running people and policeman but I think they were just trying to catch a bus.

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Constantine’s Arch – c. 315 CE, commemorates Constantine’s victory at the Battle of Milvian Bridge (312 CE), and Constantine’s vision and conversion to Christianity there. It actually recycles some material from earlier commemorative arches.

Another ambiguous sculpture in the front. A reflection on colonialism?

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Details

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More …

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The little statue seems to have been freed to relax in the greenery (and shrunk).

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Constantine’s arch, and everywhere else is under constant guard. Evidently I was looking like I needed watching, going all around it several times…

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Gate 51, of the Colosseum.

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Here it is … for a grand finale.

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Where we stayed was not far away, so I past at various different times.

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The other side. I think they are building a new metro line under it. Must be taking a long time and keeping a lot of archaeologists entertained. Oh, here’s something about it.

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Shorings-up on yet another side.

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There’s Mils!

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You’ve seen this before. But look, there’s another horse statue.

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Oh, it’s not finished! How many of these did I put here? This is the Tempio di Ercole Vincitore (Hercules the Victor!). It is reputedly the oldest surviving marble building in Rome, dating from the later 2nd century BCE. It’s tucked in right beside the Tiber and a busy road. Amazing really. Apparently it was once used as a meat market and cows will not go near it, though I can’t imagine many get the chance to come wandering down here.

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Details

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Bits of the Basilica di Santa Francesca Romana and Temple of Venus and Roma.

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Palatine – parts of the Imperial palace complex that was here. The Palatine hill is thought to be the site of the oldest settlement of Rome and the mythological location of the cave where the wolf secreted Romulus and Remus. Massive retaining structures were built all around it to make it bigger, to fit more and bigger palaces onto it.

Foreground – Circus Maximus – the place for chariot racing.

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Palatine.

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Circus Maximus.

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Arch of Janus, over the Cloaca Maxima drain! Drained the Forum to the Tiber. Was built of recycled materials in the 4th century CE. Unusual in that it has a square plan.

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Niches for statues.

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Little view across the Forum from Via di S. Teodoro/Foro Romano.
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And the last two, back where I began.661a2554

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